Paul Fyfe is an associate professor of English at North Carolina State University, serving the English Department and the Communications, Rhetoric and Digital Media (CRDM) PhD program. His work explores nineteenth-century British literature, comparative media studies, and digital humanities. He is currently writing a book called Digital Victorians: Technology, Literature, and Transmission which has been supported by the American Council of Learned Societies and the National Humanities Center. He has been a Mercator Fellow with the Journalliteratur research group and is a senior fellow in the Andrew W. Mellon Society of Fellows in Critical Bibliography.
This presentation derives from case study conducted during the project »Oceanic Exchanges: Tracing Global Information Networks in Historical Newspaper Repositories, 1840-1914«. Oceanic Exchanges seeks to find patterns of text reuse and infromation flow across digitized historical newspaper collections, including across languages. Collections within the corpus include the Austrian Newspapers Online, Bavarian State Library, British Newspaper Archive, Cengage Newsvault, Chronicling America, Europeana, Hemeroteca Nacional Digital de México, National Library of Australia’s Trove, National Library of Finland, National Library of the Netherlands, National Library of Wales, and New Zealand’s PapersPast.
Transregional Networks in Literary Journals of Early Modernity
Connected by telegraph wires, letters, railways, steamships, exchange networks, and extensive reprinting practices, newspapers by the mid-nineteenth century seemed to increasingly function as part of the infrastructure of globalization and/or as a distributed information network. Yet scholars of new imperial history have resisted presentist metaphors like »network,« preferring studies of the limiting conditions of the nineteenth-century press. For instance, Simon Potter proposes the concept of an »imperial press system« to better account for its asymmetrical coverage, hierarchies of power, and material infrastructure. This paper emerges from a larger project called Oceanic Exchanges that tries—through computational and comparative methods—to engage nineteenth-century newspapers as an international system, while also elucidating the particular conditions and structures of power that governed it. This paper offers a glimpse of this »international press system,« as we might call it, in the case of the Hungarian revolutionary Lajos Kossuth (1802-1894).
In December of 1851, Kossuth traveled through Europe to the United States on a publicity campaign to secure support for Hungarian independence. His voyage down the eastern seaboard, ultimately arriving in Washington, DC, was exhaustively covered by not only the American press but by an increasingly connected system of international newspapers. Newspapers stirred the crowds that flocked to his speeches, inspired far-flung editors to adapt Kossuth’s messages, and allowed Hungarian political operatives to discredit Kossuth and manipulate the news network itself. Kossuth judged his mission a failure (the US declined to get involved), but we suggest that the significance of his trip lies elsewhere. His case study offers an interesting view on the complexities of a globalizing information system, as news propagated through press connections, and different interpretations of the events competed with and complemented each other, locally, regionally, and internationally.
Fyfe, Paul. »Access, Computational Analysis, and Fair Use in the Digitized Nineteenth-Century Press.« Victorian Periodicals Review 51.4 (2018): 716-37.
Fyfe, Paul, and Qian Ge. »Image Analytics and the Nineteenth-Century Illustrated Newspaper.« Journal of Cultural Analytics (2018).
Fyfe, Paul. »An Archaeology of Victorian Newspapers.« Victorian Periodicals Review 49.4 (2016): 546-77.